Greek Secondary Education Teachers’ Views on Inclusive Education of People with Intellectual Disabilities
Department of Sociology, University of the Aegean, GR
Dr. Panagiotis Giavrimis is an Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology at University of Aegean. Prior to this job, he worked as a teacher and a school counsellor in primary public schools for 21 years. He holds a BA degree in Education and two Master’s degrees in School Psychology and Sociology. Currently, he teaches sociology of education at the University of the Aegean. He has published nine books and several articles in Greek and international journals. His scientific publications deal with the sociology of education, school achievement and adjustment, school-based prevention and intervention programs and disabilities.
Purpose: This paper aimed to investigate Greek secondary education teachers' views on people with intellectual disabilities, their inclusion in the typical educational system, and the dimensions of social and educational exclusion that may be associated with it.
Method: The qualitative research design involved semi-structured interviews with 18 Greek secondary school teachers.
Results: It was revealed that people with intellectual disabilities face educational exclusion for two reasons. The first is because the structure of the education system itself cannot meet their increased needs, and the second is due to the fact that a percentage of secondary education teachers feel negative about their inclusion in the typical education system.
Conclusion and Implications: The implemented policy for the co-education of people with intellectual disabilities in Greece is not effective due to endogenous difficulties. It is necessary to orient the educational policy towards an education for all without "filters" of social exclusions.