Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Measuring Stigma related to People with Albinism in Tanzania: A Cultural Validation Study of...

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Original Research Articles

Measuring Stigma related to People with Albinism in Tanzania: A Cultural Validation Study of the EMIC-CSS and SDS among Adults

Authors:

Tjitske de Groot ,

Vrije Universiteit Brussel, BE
About Tjitske

Tjitske de Groot is completing her PhD research in Educational Sciences from the Vrij Universiteit Brussels with focus on development and assessment of stigma reduction interventions related to albinism in Tanzania. Her research interests are health-related stigma, stigma reduction intervention, disability and education.  

X close

Wolfgang Jacquet,

Department of Educational Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, BE
About Wolfgang

Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Jacquet is qualitative and quantitative methodological expert, applied mathematician – biostatistician at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. His major scientific interest is the development of assessment and measurement systems both from a practical and a theoretical point of view.

X close

Pieter Meurs,

Department of Educational Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, BE
About Pieter

Prof. Dr. Pieter Meurs is associated with the Education Sciences Department of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. His research interests are philosophy of globalisation and alter globalisation, cosmopolitanism, contemporary continental philosophy (Jean-Luc Nancy), hermeneutics and humanism.

X close

Ruth Peters

Athena Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, NL
About Ruth

Dr. Ruth Peters is an Assistant Professor at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.  She defended her PhD thesis on stigma reduction in leprosy in 2015. Her research interests are health-related stigma, disability and inclusion.

X close

Abstract

Purpose: People with albinism in Tanzania are severely stigmatised. A measurement tool to assess this stigmatisation among adults is lacking. This research aimed at the cultural validation of two Scales to measure stigma related to albinism: The Albinism Social Distance Scale (A-SDS) and the Albinism Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue Community Stigma Scale (A-EMIC-CSS).

Method: Conceptual, item, semantic and operational equivalences were evaluated through focus groups and interviews. A pilot study among adults attending religious institutes, as a representation of Tanzanian society, was conducted to assess the measurement equivalence. There were 101 respondents for the test and 79 respondents for the re-test.

Results: Conceptual, item, semantic and operational equivalences of the Scales are sufficient. In terms of measurement equivalence, the internal consistency of the A-SDS and A-EMIC-CSS are adequate. However, social desirability should be taken into account when interpreting the findings.

Conclusion and Implications: The insights provided by this article can aid in the development of tools to measure stigma cross-culturally and across stigmatising conditions. The combination of the two Scales for short and long-term effect measurement is recommended.

How to Cite: de Groot, T., Jacquet, W., Meurs, P. and Peters, R., 2020. Measuring Stigma related to People with Albinism in Tanzania: A Cultural Validation Study of the EMIC-CSS and SDS among Adults. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development, 31(1), pp.7–29. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5463/dcid.v31i1.961
17
Views
14
Downloads
Published on 06 Aug 2020.

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)