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Monitoring the Internal Training Load and Surrogate Measures in a Senior Female Paralympic Athlete with Spinal Cord Injury: A Case Study

Authors:

Mirna Clemente ,

Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Federal University of Parana, BR
About Mirna

Mirna graduated in Pharmacy from State University of Ponta Grossa and then completed her Master's degree in Sport Physiology from the Federal University of Parana (UFPR). Currently, she is studying for a doctorate at the Department of Pharmaceutical Science of Federal University of Parana.

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Marilis Dallarmi Miguel,

Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Federal University of Parana, BR
About Marilis Dallarmi

Marilis graduated in Pharmacy from UFPR and has Master's and Doctorate degrees in Agronomy on medicinal plants. Currently, she is a Professor in the Department of Pharmaceutical Science at Federal University of Parana

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Darlan França Ciesielski Junior,

Physical Disability Association of Parana (ADFP), BR
About Darlan França

Darlan graduated from the Federal  University of Parana in Physical Education. He is now studying for a Master's degree from Federal University of Parana and works as a coach of Boccia Association on Physical Disability of Parana in Brazil.

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Tabea Epp Kuster Alves,

Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Federal University of Parana, BR
About Tabea Epp Kuster

Tabea graduated in Physical Education from the Federal University of Parana and completed her Master's in History of Fencing. She is a doctorate student at the Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Parana and also a coach for fencing in a wheelchair.

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Tiago Volpi Braz,

Department of Physical Education, UNIMEP, BR
About Tiago Volpi

Tiago graduated in Physical Education from São Paulo and has Masters and Doctorate degrees in Sport and Physiology. He is a professor at the Department of Physical Education at UNIMEP in Sao Paulo state.

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Louryana Padilha Campos,

Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Federal University of Parana, BR
About Louryana Padilha

Louryana has a Masters degree in Diabetes and Genetics. Currently, she is studying for a Doctorate degree on inflammatory diseases and genectics from the Department of Pharmaceutical Science of Federal University of Parana.

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Luciana Gibbert,

Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Federal University of Parana, BR
About Luciana

Luciana graduated in Nutrition from South Brazil and has a Master's degree in Diabetes and Nutrition. She is a doctoral student working on pre-clinical studies at the Department of Pharmaceutical Science of Federal University of Parana

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Sandro Jose Ribeiro Bonatto,

Department of Physiology, Federal University of Parana, BR
About Sandro Jose Ribeiro

Sandro Jose graduated in Biology from UFPR and worked on Cancer for his Master's and Doctorate degrees from the Physiology Department of Federal University of Parana. He is currently involved in research on cancer and cells at Pequeno Principe Hospital

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Luiz Claudio Fernandes,

Department of Physiology, Federal University of Parana, BR
About Luiz Claudio

Luiz graduated in Biology and has Masters, Doctorate and Post doctorate degrees in Human Physiology and Cancer. He is a currently involved in research and works as a Professor at the  Physiology Department of Federal University of Parana. 

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Larissa Junqueira Gatto,

Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Federal University of Parana, BR
About Larissa Junqueira

Larissa graduated in Pharmacy from UFPR and has a Masters degree in Pharmacy and Health. She is a doctoral student at the  Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Federal University of Parana

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Christian Burmeister Schonhofen,

Physical Disability Association of Parana (ADFP), BR
About Christian Burmeister

Chrisitian graduated in Architecture and Urbanism from Federal University of Parana. He is a teacher at the Parana Museum and a volunteer at the Association of Physical Disability of Parana in Curitiba Parana state, Brazil.

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Obdulio Gomes Miguel

Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Federal University of Parana, BR
About Obdulio Gomes

The author graduated in Chemistry from UFPR and has a Doctorate degree in Medicinal Plants and Health. He is a Professor at the Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Federal University of Parana.

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Abstract

Purpose: Paralympic Games were started originally for therapeutic reasons; nowadays they demonstrate the characteristics of high-performance sports. The surrogate measures (e.g., sleeping habits) and the internal training load (ITL) measures are strongly associated and are used to monitor performance in sport. This study aimed to understand whether the relationship between internal training load and surrogate measures, observed over a 16-week period, would be beneficial or otherwise in the case of a senior female Paralympic athlete with spinal cord injury, who was training to compete in table tennis at the Parapan American Games in Lima. 

Method: This case study evaluated the surrogate measures through the Heart Rate Variability measure, the Wisconsin Upper Respiratory Symptom Survey and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and assessed their relationship with the internal training load.

Results: The data demonstrated that during the monitoring period the athlete presented minimal fluctuations in the Heart Rate Variability measure, the Wisconsin Upper Respiratory Symptom Survey and the Pittsburgh Sleep Index. Significance was considered at p< 0.05.

Conclusion and Implication: Contrary to the athlete`s age and physical condition, the data demonstrated some gains towards her success in the sporting competition. A new approach in monitoring internal training load associated with surrogate measures is necessary. It could prove to be a good strategy for implementation in competition training routines for Paralympic athletes to reach their individual goals.

How to Cite: Clemente, M., Miguel, M.D., Ciesielski Junior, D.F., Alves, T.E.K., Braz, T.V., Campos, L.P., Gibbert, L., Bonatto, S.J.R., Fernandes, L.C., Gatto, L.J., Schonhofen, C.B. and Miguel, O.G., 2020. Monitoring the Internal Training Load and Surrogate Measures in a Senior Female Paralympic Athlete with Spinal Cord Injury: A Case Study. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development, 31(1), pp.95–105. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5463/dcid.v31i1.877
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Published on 06 Aug 2020.
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