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Original Research Articles

Physical Activity, Enjoyment and Quality of Life among Institutionalised Older Adults in Malaysia: A Cross-Sectional Study

Authors:

Nizar Abdul Majeed Kutty ,

Department of Physiotherapy, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, MY
About Nizar Abdul Majeed

The author holds a Master's degree in Physiotherapy from Mahatma Gandhi University, India. He is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Physiotherapy, University Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia. His research areas include diabetes, anxiety disorders and plyometrics. He has presented his research findings in many international conferences and has published articles in prolific journals.

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Mohammed Abdul Razzaq Jabbar,

Department of Population Medicine, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, MY
About Mohammed Abdul Razzaq

The author has a PhD degree from Universiti Putra Malaysia. He is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Population Medicine, University Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia.

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Ng Kylie

Department of Physiotherapy, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, MY
About Ng

The author is currently pursuing her Bachelor's degree in Physiotherapy at the Department of Physiotherapy, University Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia.

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Abstract

Purpose: In many nations across the world it has become a priority to stimulate increased physical activity (PA) among elderly persons.  This study aimed to find the association between physical activity patterns and enjoyment of physical activity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among institutionalised older adults in Malaysia.

Method: A sample of institutionalised older adults (n=134, mean age = 73.72; SD = 8.59) was recruited from the Klang valley in Malaysia. In cross-sectional analyses, their physical activity, enjoyment of physical activity and quality of life were screened using the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly, the 8-item Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale and the EuroQuol-5 Dimensions-5 Levels questionnaires, respectively. High levels of physical activity were associated with enjoyment of physical activity and health-related quality of life.

Results: In total, 41% of the participants met the guidelines of the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly and 53% enjoyed physical activity. A positive correlation was found between the level of physical activity and its enjoyment (rs = .355, p <.001). Significant correlations were recorded between the dimensions of health-related quality of life and the level of physical activity (p < 0.001), except for pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression.

Conclusion: Providing opportunities for institutionalised older adults to engage in a variety of activities might help them to identify the kind of physical activity they enjoy and facilitate a lifelong physical activity routine.
How to Cite: Kutty, N.A.M., Jabbar, M.A.R. and Kylie, N., 2020. Physical Activity, Enjoyment and Quality of Life among Institutionalised Older Adults in Malaysia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development, 31(1), pp.74–94. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5463/dcid.v31i1.828
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Published on 06 Aug 2020.

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