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Original Research Articles

Health-Related Quality of Life of Wheelchair Fencers, Sedentary People with Disability and Conventional Fencers in Brazil, Assessed by Short Form 36 (SF-36)

Authors:

Mirna Clemente ,

Federal University of Parana (UFPR), Av. Pref. Lothario Meissner, 632-Jardim Botanico- 80210-170- Curitiba/Pr, BR
About Mirna

The author holds a Master´s degree in Physical Education from the Federal University of Parana (UFPR) in Brazil. She is a doctorate student in the Pharmaceutical Science Department in UFPR. Her research areas are: phytotherapy, adapted sport, supplementation.

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Marilis Dallarmi Miguel,

Federal University of Parana (UFPR), BR
About Marilis Dallarmi

The author holds a Doctor's degree in Agronomy from the Federal University of Parana (UFPR) in Brazil. She is a Professor at the Department of Pharmaceutical Science at UFPR in Brazil. Her research includes phytotherapy, health, and quality of life. 

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Karina Bettega Felipe,

Federal University of Parana (UFPR), BR
About Karina Bettega

Federal University of Parana
Brazil

 

The author holds a Post Doctorate degree in Belgium and Brazil in the cancer area at the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC). She is a professor at the Federal University of Parana (Brazil) in the Biochemistry area. Her studies include cancer, in vitro and phytotherapy. 

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Ivan Marangon Schwantes,

Physical Disability Association of Parana (ADFP), BR
About Ivan Marangon

Physical Disabilty Association of Parana (ADFP)
Brazil

The author graduated in Physical Education from Dom Bosco University, Brazil. He is the coach of the Paralympic wheelchair fencing team in Brazil. He works with wheelchair fencing in the Paralympic Committee of Brazil.

 
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Darlan Franca Ciesielski Junior,

Physical Disability Association of Parana (ADFP), BR
About Darlan Franca

Physical Disabilty Association of Parana (ADFP)
Brazil

 

The author is a graduate in Physical Education at UFPR and has a Master´s degree from Federal University of Parana in Physical Education from Brazil. His research is with Boccia Paralympic, wheelchair fencing, and basketball in a wheelchair. 

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Athos Marangon Schwantes,

Physical Disability Association of Parana (ADFP), BR
About Athos Marangon

Physical Disabilty Association of Parana (ADFP)
Brazil

 

The author is graduated in Physical Education at Dom Bosco University in Brazil. He is an Olympic athlete in conventional fencing and a coach of youth fencing team in Brazil. His area of research is conventional fencing. 

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Christian Burmeister Schonhofen,

Physical Disability Association of Parana (ADFP), BR
About Christian Burmeister

Physical Disabilty Association of Parana (ADFP)
Brazil

 

The author graduated in Architecture at the Federal University of Parana (UFPR).  He studied English in New York and Brazil. He has been working in the area of translation and as an English Teacher. 

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Tabea Epp Kuster Alves,

Federal University of Parana (UFPR), BR
About Tabea Epp Kuster

Federal University of Parana
Brazil

 

The author holds a Master´s degree in Physical Education from the Federal University of Parana in conventional fencing. Her research area includes fencing history,  wheelchair fencing, and training. She is a coach of the wheelchair fencing team in Parana state in Brazil. 

 

 

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Tiago Volpi Braz,

Methodist University of Piracicaba (UNIMEP), BR
About Tiago Volpi

Methodist University of Piracicaba (UNIMEP)
Brazil

The author holds a Doctor´s degree in Physical Education from the State University of São Paulo. He is a teacher at the Methodist University of Piracicaba (UNIMEP) in Brazil.  His research is with high performance in athletes in general. 

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Luiz Claudio Fernandes,

Federal University of Parana (UFPR), BR
About Luiz Claudio

Federal University of Parana
Brazil

 

The author holds Post Doctorate degree in Physiology from USP in Brazil. He is a professor at Federal University of Parana in the Physiology Department. His research interests are: performance, sports, cancer and supplementation.

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Obdulio Gomes Miguel

Federal University of Parana (UFPR), BR
About Obdulio Gomes

Federal University of Parana
Brazil

 

The author is a Doctor in Chemistry from the Federal University of Santa Catarina in Medicinal Plants.  He is a professor at the Federal University of Parana in the Pharmaceutical Science Department. His research interest is - health and development of medical plants. 

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Abstract

Purpose: It is well established that physical exercise, in general, decreases anxiety and depression. Para sport or sport for people with disabilities is used as a rehabilitation strategy to improve their quality of life. This study aimed to investigate people ivith disabilities who practise wheelchair fencing, sedentary people with physical disability and conventional fencers, assessed by Short Form 36 (SF-36), by comparing the groups.

Method: Forty-two people from Physical Disability Association of Parana (ADFP) answered SF-36 and were divided into three groups: Conventional Fencers (CF), Wheelchair Fencers (WF), and Sedentary People with Physical Disability (SD).

Results: This study was the first to report the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) of conventional fencers, wheelchair fencers, and sedentary people with physical disability, using SF-36. The data demonstrated high scores in CF and WF, on seven SF-36 scales of the eight-scale profile, including functional and mental health, role physical, bodily pain, general health perception, vitality, social functioning, mental health. Moreover, the sedentary group had lower scores in most of the domains when they were compared to CF.

Conclusion: The results might provide supportive evidence that HRQOL of WF has demonstrated a positive effect on people with disability since para sport has been used as a rehabilitation programme.

Implication: The implementation of a public campaign is recommended, about sport as a health promoter for disability and rehabilitation. By involving healthcare providers from the area, people with disabilities can be encouraged to participate in para sport.

How to Cite: Clemente, M., Miguel, M.D., Felipe, K.B., Schwantes, I.M., Ciesielski Junior, D.F., Schwantes, A.M., Schonhofen, C.B., Alves, T.E.K., Braz, T.V., Fernandes, L.C. and Miguel, O.G., 2020. Health-Related Quality of Life of Wheelchair Fencers, Sedentary People with Disability and Conventional Fencers in Brazil, Assessed by Short Form 36 (SF-36). Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development, 30(3), pp.19–30. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5463/dcid.v30i3.865
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Published on 27 Jan 2020.

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