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The Effects of Age and Gender on the Quality of Life of People with Chronic Back Pain in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Authors:

Amra Macak Hadziomerovic,

Faculty of Health Studies, University of Sarajevo, BA
About Amra Macak

Amra Macak Hadziomerovic is an assistant professor at the Faculty of Health Studies. She teaches courses related to the kinesiology and kinesitherapy. Her research interests are in the field of rehabilitation and occupational therapy.

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Marija Vilic,

Faculty of Health Studies, University of Sarajevo, BA
About Marija

Marija Vilic is a graduate student of Faculty of Health Studies. Her interests are in the area of physiotherapy and rehabilitation of children with motoric difficulties.

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Nedzad Ajnadzic,

Faculty of Public Administration, University of Sarajevo, BA
About Nedzad

Nedzad Ajnadzic is an associate professor at the Faculty for Public Administration. He is involved in projects aiming to increase the quality of life of people with disabilities.

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Amila Jaganjac,

Faculty of Health Studies, University of Sarajevo, BA
About Amila

Amila Jaganjac is an assistant professor at the Faculty of Health Studies. She teaches courses related to the kinesiology and kinesitherapy. Her research interests are in the field of rehabilitation and occupational therapy.

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Haris Memisevic

Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Sarajevo, BA
About Haris

Haris Memisevic is an assistant professor at the Faculty of Educational Sciences. He teaches courses in the field of special and inclusive education. He currently serves as the Head of Department for Education and Rehabilitation at the Faculty.

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Abstract

Purpose: Quality of life (QOL) is an important area of research in many scientific disciplines, and the findings could help in designing strategies to improve QOL for various clinical conditions. Chronic low back pain is a frequent medical condition that has a detrimental effect on QOL. The goal of this study was to examine the QOL of people with chronic low back pain in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH), and to assess the impact of demographic variables such as age and gender on the QOL.

Methods: The study sample consisted of 50 people with low back pain, between 19-79 years of age (mean age 51.2, SD- 13.1 years). There were 35 females (70%) and 15 males (30%) in the sample. The instrument used for measuring the QOL was World Health Organisation Quality of Life scale BREF (WHOQOL BREF).

Results: The study demonstrated that low back pain has a detrimental effect on QOL. There was a significant effect of age and gender on certain domains of QOL.

Conclusions: Older age is a risk factor for lower QOL of people with chronic low back pain. Females are more likely to have lower scores on the psychological domain of QOL,and therefore need effective psychological interventions aimed at improving their QOL.  

How to Cite: Hadziomerovic, A.M., Vilic, M., Ajnadzic, N., Jaganjac, A. and Memisevic, H., 2017. The Effects of Age and Gender on the Quality of Life of People with Chronic Back Pain in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development, 28(2), pp.129–138. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5463/dcid.v28i2.631
Published on 22 Aug 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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