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Original Research Articles

Quality of Life among Persons with Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury

Authors:

Humayra Jahan,

Department of Physiotherapy, Proyash Institute of Special Education and Research, Dhaka Cantonment, Dhaka, BD
About Humayra

Humayra Jahan works as a Physiotherapist at Proyash, Dhaka Cantonment, Bangladesh. Earlier she worked at the Department of Physiotherapy at CRP.

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Md. Shofiqul Islam ,

Department of Physiotherapy, Bangladesh Health Professions Institute, the academic institute of the Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed, Savar, Dhaka, BD
About Md. Shofiqul

Md. Shofiqul Islam works as Assistant Professor at Bangladesh Health Professions Institute (BHPI), CRP, Bangladesh. He is an experienced academician and researcher in the field of Spinal Cord Injury, Disability and Rehabilitation. He teaches physiotherapy and rehabilitation science students. 

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Mohammad Sohrab Hossain,

Department of Physiotherapy, Bangladesh Health Professions Institute, Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed, Savar, Dhaka, BD
About Mohammad Sohrab

Mohammad Sohrab Hossian is one of Bangladesh’s most experienced clinician and researcher in the field of spinal cord injury. He is Head of Clinical Services at the Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed (CRP) and one of their most senior and experienced staff member. He is also Associate Professor at Bangladesh Health Professions Institute (BHPI) at CRP. 

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Md. Fazlul Karim Patwary

Institute of Information Technology, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, BD
About Md. Fazlul Karim

Md. Fazlul Karim Patwary is an Associate Professor, at Institute of Information Technology, Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh. He was awarded M. Sc. in Statistical Bioinformatics degree from Hasselt University, Belgium. His interest areas are research on health data, genomic data and data mining along with teaching.

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Abstract

Purpose: This article aimed to examine quality of life (QoL) among persons with paraplegic spinal cord injury (SCI), to determine their socio-demographic details, and to measure the different levels of performance in correlation with the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).

Method: A descriptive cross–sectional study was conducted with a structured questionnaire to collect information from 45 persons with paraplegic SCI. Data was collected by purposive sampling technique and face-to-face interviews.

Results: Most of the participants (47%, n=21) were in the age group of 20-30 years, with a mean age of 33.53 (± 11.14) years. There were more men (89%, n=40) than  women (11%, n=5) and the ratio was 8:1. The most common occupation was farming (27%, n=12), followed by daily labour (22%, n=10). Fall from a height (58%, n=26) was the most common cause of injury. A high percentage of participants (36%, n=16) rated their quality of life (QoL) as poor. Depression was felt very often (44%, n=20), where as happiness lasted for only a little while (38%, n=17).Older participants faced problems at work more often than younger persons. Males and those who worked in public places faced problems in dressing or bathing independently. Married participants were more dissatisfied regarding income and the amount of work they were able to do. Those who had met with road accidents had more emotional problems than others. Association analysis showed that by increasing happiness and decreasing depression participants’ quality of life could improve.  

Conclusion: The study demonstrated that spinal cord injury greatly affects quality of life (QoL) and gives rise to more problems, especially in the areas of physical and mental health. It is necessary to take steps to improve the physical and emotional status of paraplegic spinal cord injury clients, as this will eventually lead to improvement in their quality of life
How to Cite: Jahan, H., Islam, M.S., Hossain, M.S. and Patwary, M.F.K., 2016. Quality of Life among Persons with Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development, 27(3), pp.102–117. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5463/dcid.v27i3.477
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Published on 14 Nov 2016.

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