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Original Research Articles

The Relationship Between Gross Motor Function and Quality of Life Among Children with Cerebral Palsy

Authors:

Meisa Puspitasari ,

Department of Child Health, Padjadjaran University/Dr.Hasan Sadikin Hospital, ID
About Meisa

Resident of Department of Child Health, Padjadjaran University/Dr.Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Indonesia

 

 

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Kusnandi Rusmil,

Department of Child Health, Padjadjaran University/Dr.Hasan Sadikin Hospital, ID
About Kusnandi

Lecturer of Social Pediatric Division, Department of Child Health, Padjadjaran University/Dr.Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Indonesia

 

 

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Dida Gurnida

Department of Child Health, Padjadjaran University/Dr.Hasan Sadikin Hospital, ID
About Dida

Lecturer of Nutrition and Metabolic Disease Division, Department of Child Health, Padjadjaran University/Dr.Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Indonesia

 

 
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Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between gross motor function and quality of life among children with Cerebral Palsy (CP).

Method:This observational analytical study with cross-sectional design, was conducted at Yayasan Pembinaan Anak Cacat (YPAC) Bandung, Sekolah Luar Biasa (SLB) Cileunyi, and Paediatric Neurology Clinic of Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung, Indonesia, from March 2011 to September 2012. Gross motor function was assessed using Gross Motor Function Scale (GMFCS). Cerebral Palsy-Quality of Life (CP-QOL) questionnaire for parent-proxy version was used to assess quality of life of children with CP. Statistical analysis was done using  Spearman rank  test to determine the relationship between variables.

Results: Participants were 31 children with CP, between 4 -12 years of age. The most common type of CP was spastic quadriplegia (17 of the 31 children). Around 17 children had mild disability (GMFCS level I and II), 3 children had moderate disability (GMFCS level III), and 16 children had severe disability (GMFCS level IV and V). Majority of the parents had senior high school level education. Most of the fathers were self-employed while most of the mothers were housewives. Gross motor function was not significantly correlated to quality of life in general in children with CP (rs=-0.153, p=0.205). Although gross motor function was significantly correlated to pain and the impact of disability (rs=-0.313, p=0.043), other aspects of quality of life (social well-being and acceptance, feeling about functioning, participation and physical health, emotional well-being and self-confidence, access to services, and family health) were not significantly correlated (p>0,05) to it.

Conclusions: Gross motor function in children with CP was correlated to pain and the impact of disability domain of quality of life.

How to Cite: Puspitasari, M., Rusmil, K. and Gurnida, D., 2014. The Relationship Between Gross Motor Function and Quality of Life Among Children with Cerebral Palsy. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development, 24(4), pp.57–68. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5463/dcid.v24i4.243
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Published on 13 Feb 2014.

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