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Original Research Articles

Exploring Knowledge and Attitudes towards HIV/AIDS among Deaf People in Ghana

Author:

Wisdom Kwadwo Mprah

Department of Social Studies, Senior High Technical School for the Deaf, GH
About Wisdom Kwadwo

Dr. Wisdom Kwadwo Mprah has been teaching at Mampong Senior High Technical School for the Deaf in Ghana since October, 2011. The author holds a Diploma in Education, Bachelor of Arts (Geography), and M. Phil (Geography) from the University of Cape Coast, Ghana, and PhD (Disability Studies) from the University of Illinois at Chicago, USA.

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Abstract

Purpose: By exploring the level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS and attitudes towards persons with HIV/AIDS among deaf people in Ghana, this article aims to identify and correct possible gaps in awareness.

Methods: A participatory sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs assessment was conducted, targetting deaf people who were fluent in the Ghanaian Sign Language (GSL). The study design was a two-phase, sequential, mixed methods approach. Three focus groups assisted in the development of a survey, which was then implemented for needs assessment data collection. The 179 study participants consisted of 26 focus group participants, 152 survey respondents and 1 key informant.  Of the focus group participants, 7 were executives of Ghana National Association of the Deaf (GNAD), 10 were adult males, and nine were adult females.  Apart from the key informant, all the participants were deaf persons.

Results: The study indicated that many respondents still had misconceptions about HIV/AIDS and had difficulty identifying preventive methods, but their attitudes towards persons with HIV/AIDS was generally positive.

Conclusion: More attention needs to be paid to the requirements of the deaf community and to designing HIV/AIDS programmes and services that are deaf-friendly and accessible.

How to Cite: Mprah, W.K., 2013. Exploring Knowledge and Attitudes towards HIV/AIDS among Deaf People in Ghana. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development, 24(2), pp.22–39. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5463/dcid.v24i2.196
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Published on 28 Jul 2013.

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