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Original Research Articles

Music as the Means to Stimulate Novelty and Challenge Seeking in Persons with Intellectual Disability

Authors:

Amanallah Soltani ,

Faculty of Educational Study, University Putra Malaysia, Selangor, MY
About Amanallah

Dr. Amanallah Soltani has recently finished his PhD in educational psychology from Faculty of Educational Studies, University Putra Malaysia. He has been involved in a number of research projects with a focus on intellectual disabilities.

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Samsilah Roslan,

Faculty of Educational Study, University Putra Malaysia, MY
About Samsilah

Associate professor, Faculty Member.

 
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Maria Chong Abdullah,

Faculty of Educational Study, University Putra Malaysia, MY
About Maria Chong

Dr. Maria Chong Abdullah holds a doctoral degree in educational psychology from University Putra, Malaysia (UPM). She has been a lecturer in the Faculty of Educational Studies, UPM, since 2000, teaching courses in educational psychology, classroom interaction, and problem solving in education

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Chan Cheong Jan

Faculty of Human Ecology, University Putra Malaysia, MY
About Chan Cheong

Dr. Chan Cheong Jan holds a Doctorate in Literature from Osala University, specialising in ethnomusicology and music education. He is currently a senior lecturer in the Music Department, Faculty of Human Ecology.

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Abstract

Purpose: The main aim of the study was to determine whether challenge seeking behaviour could be increased by stimulating persons with intellectual disability with music. The intention was also to evaluate whether the participants would attempt to seek challenges when they felt bored with a music experience.

Method: Thirty adolescents and young adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability were randomly selected to take part in a repeated-measure experimental design, under three different conditions. In the first condition, the participants were provided adequate challenges through teaching fundamental musical skills. In the second condition, no optimal challenge was provided, and in the third condition, using special strategies, the participants were stimulated to look for novelty and challenge through involvement in creative musical tasks. Level of innovation, as an index of challenge seeking, was measured during the 8 minutes of free choice interval at the end of each condition.

Results: Using Friedman’s ANOVA and Wilcoxon signed-rank test, the findings showed that the low and statistically similar levels of challenge seeking behaviour in conditions 1 and 2 significantly increased to a high level in condition 3. It confirmed that participants with intellectual disability are capable of demonstrating challenge seeking behaviour if they are stimulated to do so. The results also confirmed that the tendency to demonstrate challenge seeking behaviour during a boring musical situation was low.

How to Cite: Soltani, A., Roslan, S., Abdullah, M.C. and Jan, C.C., 2013. Music as the Means to Stimulate Novelty and Challenge Seeking in Persons with Intellectual Disability. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development, 23(4), pp.41–53. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5463/dcid.v23i4.164
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Published on 05 Feb 2013.

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