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Health-Related Quality of Life of Nigerian Children with Cerebral Palsy

Authors:

B A Tella,

Department of Physiotherapy, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, NG
About B A

Physiotherapy, Lecturer/consultant Orthopaedics and sport physiotherapy.

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Caleb Ademola Gbiri ,

Federal Neuro-Psychiatry Hospital, Yaba, Lagos, NG
About Caleb Ademola

Physiotherapy, Lecturer/consultant Neurophysiotherapist. calebgbiri@yahoo.com

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O A Osho,

Department of Physiotherapy, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, NG
About O A

Physiotherapy, Lecturer

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A E Ogunrinu

Department of Physiotherapy, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, NG
About A E

Physiotherapy, Clinician

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Abstract

Purpose: To assess the impact of cerebral palsy on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of Nigerian children.

Method: This is a cross-sectional survey. The study involved 54 children (33 males and 21 females), between 1 and 12 years of age, with cerebral palsy. They were consecutively recruited from two tertiary health institutions in Lagos, Nigeria.

The socio-demographic details of the participants were obtained through interviews. Their HRQoL was assessed using the Child Health Questionnaire-Parent Form-28 (CHQ-PF 28). The questionnaire was completed by their parents, guardians or primary care-givers. Severity of motor disability was assessed and classified using the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS). Data were summarised using descriptive statistics. Chi-square was used to find the association between each of the selected socio-demographic variables and motor disability, and HRQoL.

Results: Thirty-eight children (70.3%) were between 1 and 6 years of age, and 16 (29.7%) were between 7 and 12 years. The participants’ overall scores and scores on each domain of CHQ-PF 28 were very low. Majority (69.5%) were in GMFCS classification-level 1, 7 (13.0%) were in level 2, 12 (22.2%) were in level 3, 14 (25.9%) were in level 4, and 16 (29.6%) were in level 5. Age had significant effect (CI = 95%) on HRQoL of children with cerebral palsy. Severity of disability had negative impact (CI = 95%) on HRQoL of children with cerebral palsy.

Conclusions: The health-related quality of life of Nigerian children with cerebral palsy is low, and is negatively affected by age and severity of disability.

How to Cite: Tella, B.A., Gbiri, C.A., Osho, O.A. and Ogunrinu, A.E., 2011. Health-Related Quality of Life of Nigerian Children with Cerebral Palsy. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development, 22(2), pp.95–104. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5463/dcid.v22i2.24
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Published on 15 Oct 2011.
Peer Reviewed

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