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A Rapid Review of the Roles of Community Rehabilitation Workers in Community-based Mental Health Services in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Authors:

Zarina Syed ,

University of Cape Town, ZA
About Zarina

Zarina Syed has been involved in student education for the past 10 years. Her role includes clinical supervision of students, teaching undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as, supervision of research. Her postgraduate studies reflect her interest in the mental health sphere. 

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Monique De Bastos,

University of Cape Town, ZA
About Monique
Monique is a Community Service Occupational Therapist
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Chuma Pindela,

University of Cape Town, ZA
About Chuma
Chuma is based in South Africa and works as a Community Service Occupational Therapist
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Skye Sutherland,

University of Cape Town, ZA
About Skye
Skye is a Community Service Occupational Therapist
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Samantha Melis,

University of Cape Town, ZA
About Samantha
Community Service Occupational Therapist
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Brittany Wort,

University of Cape Town, ZA
About Brittany
Community Service Occupational Therapist
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Tashia Shohsa

University of Cape Town, ZA
About Tashia
Community Service Occupational Therapist
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Abstract

Purpose: The term Community Rehabilitation Worker (CRW) encompasses a group of mid-level health workers introduced within healthcare systems to increase accessibility to health- care services for individuals within the community sphere. This study aimed to summarise the current knowledge on the role of community rehabilitation workers in community-based mental health services in low- and middle- income countries.

Method: Between the 10th and 17th of July, 2020, searches were conducted on the following databases: Cochrane, EbscoHost, Primo, and Pubmed. The search strategy identified 521 individual records, 4 of which were included in this review: 2 qualitative descriptive studies, 1 quantitative descriptive study and 1 conceptual study.

Results: Across the 4 studies, eight roles of community rehabilitation workers were identified in relation to mental health services: home visits, client illness management, referral, documentation and administration, client and family education, community education, intersectoral collaboration and mediation. There was no data found on the role of community rehabilitation workers in mental health services in low- and middle- income countries specifically, indicating a gap in research. 

Conclusion: There is a need to improve knowledge and understanding of the roles and responsibilities of community rehabilitation workers where mental health service provision is concerned. The data summarised in this review could be utilised to educate health professionals regarding the role of community rehabilitation workers.

How to Cite: Syed, Z., De Bastos, M., Pindela, C., Sutherland, S., Melis, S., Wort, B. and Shohsa, T., 2022. A Rapid Review of the Roles of Community Rehabilitation Workers in Community-based Mental Health Services in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development, 33(2), pp.108–128. DOI: http://doi.org/10.47985/dcidj.537
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Published on 05 Aug 2022.
Peer Reviewed

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