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Exploring the Use of Communication Supports Inventory- Children and Youth (CSI-CY) - to Identify Barriers and Facilitators in Implementing Augmentative and Alternative Communication in India: Preliminary Evidence from Two Case Reports

Authors:

Dafiah PM ,

All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Manasagangothri, Mysore-570006, Karnataka, India, IN
About Dafiah
Dafiah PM received her Master’s Degree in Speech Language Pathology, from All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Karnataka, India, an institute under University of Mysore. She currently works as a Speech Language Pathologist at the same institute. Her research interests include Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC), swallowing disorders, childhood language disorders and neurogenic communication disorders in adults and children.
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Krishnendu Sreekumar,

All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Manasagangothri, Mysore - 570006, Karnataka, India, IN
About Krishnendu
Krishnendu has a Master's degree in Speech Language Pathology from All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, India and currently works as a Speech and Language Pathologist at the same institute. Her current work focuses on primary, secondary and territory prevention of various communication disorders. She is also actively involved in preparation of public education materials for different target groups in various Indian languages. She served as a resource person on communication disorders for webinar series to school teachers and other allied professionals.
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Vineetha Sara Philip

National Institute of Speech & Hearing (NISH), Trivandrum, India, IN
About Vineetha Sara
Vineetha is a faculty in the Department of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology at the National Institute of Speech and Hearing in Kerala, India. She is currently pursuing her doctoral program in speech-language pathology from the All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Karnataka, India. Her research interests are - acquired neurocommunication disorders, augmentative and alternative communication in children and adults with communication disorders and assistive technology.
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Abstract

Purpose: Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) systems are very often abandoned by the users and caregivers due to potential challenges in implementation. This study aimed at exploring the use of Communication Supports Inventory-Children and Youth (CSI-CY), based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health-Children and Youth (ICF-CY), as a potential tool for identifying barriers and facilitators in AAC implementation in the southern part of India.

Method: The CSI-CY was administered to the parents of a child with cerebral palsy and a child with autism spectrum disorder, respectively. Environmental facilitators and barriers that affect communication were rated. A semi-structured interview was also conducted to identify additional barriers and facilitators as identified by parents. 

Results: Barriers related to services and policies, people and assistive technology, were identified for both cases. Additionally, the semi-structured interview identified barriers related to myths, clinicians, child, AAC use, economy and society.

Conclusion: CSI-CY is a potential tool for clinicians to systematically identify and document barriers and facilitators to implement AAC. It can further assist them in setting goals and defining the necessary intervention for each child with disability. Early use of AAC contributes to better therapeutic outcomes.  Training should be given to professionals, special need educators and school teachers about different AACs and the appropriate techniques to be used. Counselling and evidence from earlier successful AAC interventions can dispel existing myths.  Awareness programmes, group discussions and training on AAC can be done to eliminate barriers that may exist among rehabilitation professionals in India.

How to Cite: PM, D., Sreekumar, K. and Philip, V.S., 2021. Exploring the Use of Communication Supports Inventory- Children and Youth (CSI-CY) - to Identify Barriers and Facilitators in Implementing Augmentative and Alternative Communication in India: Preliminary Evidence from Two Case Reports. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development, 31(4), pp.134–156. DOI: http://doi.org/10.47985/dcidj.434
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Published on 23 Feb 2021.

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