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Community-Based Rehabilitation in Nigeria: A Scoping Study of Literature


Abdulbaki Halliru Bashir,

Department of Physiotherapy, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, NG
About Abdulbaki Halliru
Abdulbaki Halliru Bashir completed his Bachelor's degree in Physiotherapy and is currently pursuing his Master's with the Global Health Program at the African Center of Excellence in Population Health and Policy in Bayero University, Kano. He is a Physiotherapist at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria.
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Auwal Bello Hassan ,

Department of Medical Rehabilitation (Physiotherapy), College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria, NG
About Auwal Bello
Auwal Bello Hassan has a Bachelor's degree in Physiotherapy from Bayero University, Kano. He has a Master of Neuroscience degree from Universiti Sains Malaysia. Auwal is currently employed as an academic staff with the Department of Physiotherapy, University of Maiduguri.
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Yassar Gambo Ibrahim

Department of Physiotherapy, College of Health Science, Bayero University Kano, NG
About Yassar Gambo
Yassar Gambo Ibrahim is an MSc student in the orthopedic & sports program at Bayero University Kano. Yassar studied Bachelor of Physiotherapy at Bayero University and has been working as an orthopedic physiotherapist at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano.
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Purpose: Previous reviews of community-based rehabilitation literature provide scant evidence supporting community-based rehabilitation in Nigeria. This study aimed at discovering the extent of the community-based rehabilitation impact in Nigeria by reviewing published literature and making it available to researchers, CBR project coordinators and managers, and policy-makers.

Method: A scoping study of community-based rehabilitation literature on people with disabilities, families, and communities in Nigeria was conducted, using the databases of Pubmed, African journal online, Google Scholar, African journal of disability,, and REHABDATA on, for articles published between the years 1990 – 2018. Fourteen studies met all the inclusion criteria and were classified according to type as descriptive (n = 4), theory (n = 5), impact (n = 2), and case studies (n = 2) or review (n = 1) papers.

Results: The results indicated a recent increase in community-based rehabilitation literature publication.

Conclusion: However, there is a need for more well-designed literature to better inform community-based rehabilitation practice.



How to Cite: Bashir, A.H., Hassan, A.B. and Ibrahim, Y.G., 2020. Community-Based Rehabilitation in Nigeria: A Scoping Study of Literature. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development, 31(3), pp.151–163. DOI:
Published on 19 Dec 2020.
Peer Reviewed


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