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Outcomes of Self-Care in Clients with Heart Failure before and after Treatment, using a Case Management Approach

Authors:

Kanokporn Khankaew,

Khon Kaen University, TH
About Kanokporn
The author works at the nursing department of Queen Sirikit Heart Centre under Faculty of Medicine at Khon Kaen University in Thailand
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Nalintip Ongsombat,

Khon Kaen University, TH
About Nalintip

The author works in the Nursing Department under Faculty of Nursing at Khon Kaen University in Thailand

 

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Atchariya Wonginchan ,

Khon Kaen University, TH
About Atchariya
The author works in the Nursing Department under Faculty of Nursing at Khon Kaen University in Thailand
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Vichai Senthong,

Khon Kaen University, TH
About Vichai
Vichai works in the Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Thailand
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Chollada Thronsao

Mahasarakham University, TH
About Chollada
Chollada is associated with the Faculty of Medicine of Mahasarakham University, Thailand
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Abstract

Purpose: Heart failure (HF) is a clinical syndrome that is the final stage of most types of heart diseases. Thailand - in the Asia-Pacific region - has an unusually high incidence as the risk factors for heart disease increase due to population structure changes. This article aims to compare the self-care of heart failure clients before and after treatment using case management.

Methods: A quasi-experimental research design was employed with 30 clients who were treated at the Khon Kaen University Heart Failure Clinic (KKU-HF) between April 2017 and March 2018. The research tool was a 2-part questionnaire that included demographic data and the comparison of scores of self-care before and after treatment using case management. Inferential statistics and paired t-test were used to analyze the data.

Results: Most of the clients were males (80%), and most of them (56.67 %) were around 60 years of age and older. A comparison of scores for knowledge and understanding of self-care, before and after the treatment, showed a statistically significant improvement at the level of 0.05. Self-care behavior had also improved. The general quality of life had improved by up to 66.67%.

Conclusion and Implications: The goal of this research study was to reduce the rate of re-hospitalization, the cost of medical treatment, and the death rate of heart failure clients. The findings can be used not only to develop self-care systems of the Khon Kaen University Heart Failure Clinic (KKU-HF) but also for other clinics to adopt.

How to Cite: Khankaew, K., Ongsombat, N., Wonginchan, A., Senthong, V. and Thronsao, C., 2020. Outcomes of Self-Care in Clients with Heart Failure before and after Treatment, using a Case Management Approach. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development, 31(2), pp.132–147. DOI: http://doi.org/10.47985/dcidj.373
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Published on 04 Nov 2020.
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