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Original Research Articles

Effects of Biofeedback and Task-Oriented Intervention on Balance Confidence and its Relationship with Social Participation among Stroke Survivors

Author:

Elumalai Pachiappan

Swami Vivekanand National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research (SVNIRTAR), IN
About Elumalai
The author has a Master's degree in Occupational Therapy (with a speciality in Rehabilitation) from Swami Vivekanand National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research under Utkal University, Bhuvaneshwar. His research interests include rehabilitation of persons with disabilities and sensory integration. He currently works as a Occupational Therapy Lecturer at the Composite Regional Centre of National Institute for Empowerment of Persons with Intellectual Disability in Andhra Pradesh state of India.
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Abstract

Purpose: The study aimed to compare the effects of balance training on balance confidence and its relationship with social participation among clients with stroke.

Method: A pre- and post- experimental group design was used. Stroke survivors who met the inclusion criteria were consecutively assigned to two groups (task-oriented and biofeedback). Participants in the task-oriented group received task-oriented activities for 20 minutes and the biofeedback group received intervention in correckta (equipment used for balance training) for 20 minutes, along with conventional occupational therapy - 5 sessions per week, for 12 weeks. Balance Confidence Scale was used for measuring balance confidence, and Frenchay Activities Index (FAI) was used to measure social participation. Statistical calculations were performed with SPSS version 16.0 package. Statistical tests were carried out with the level of significance set at p≤ 0.05.

Results: The findings suggest that both the biofeedback and task-oriented groups showed significant improvement in balance confidence and there was no statistically significant difference between the groups. There was a moderate to good relationship between balance confidence and social participation.

Conclusions and Implications: There is evidence that many stroke survivors have low balance confidence. Therapists should assess the balance confidence of their clients and encourage them to participate in these beneficial interventions.

How to Cite: Pachiappan, E., 2020. Effects of Biofeedback and Task-Oriented Intervention on Balance Confidence and its Relationship with Social Participation among Stroke Survivors. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development, 31(2), pp.10–20. DOI: http://doi.org/10.47985/dcidj.368
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Published on 04 Nov 2020.

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