Perceived Benefits and Barriers to Exercise among Physically Active and Non-Active Elderly People

Atiya A Shaikh, Sukanya P Dandekar

Abstract


Purpose: Adhering to a physically active lifestyle and exercising regularly is a challenge for many elderly people. Identifying the factors that influence such adherence may help in policy-making and in promoting a physically active lifestyle. This study aimed to compare perceived benefits and barriers to exercise among physically active and non-active elderly persons.

Method: Around 140 elderly persons with normal cognition and no depression, living in the community, were divided into two groups - the physically active and the non-active - using Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity Scale. Their perception about benefits, barriers and motivators for exercise were studied using Exercise Benefits and Barriers Scale. The scores of both groups were analysed.

Results: A significant difference was found in scores of perceived benefits and scores of motivators in both groups (p <0.0003 and <0.0001 respectively), but no difference was found in perceived barriers(p=0.0607). Strongest benefit perceived by the physically active elderly was “Exercise helps me to sleep better”, and the strongest motivator was “I enjoy exercise”.

Conclusion: The study shows that although both the physically active and non-active elderly perceive equal barriers for exercise, the benefit perceptions and motivators seem to play a significant role in adhering to a physically active lifestyle and exercising regularly. Spreading awareness about such benefits and the reduction of barriers may help in promoting regular physical activity among the elderly.


Keywords


Physically active/non active elderly; benefits; barriers; motivators; exercises

Full Text:

PDF

References


Atkinson G, Davenne D (2007). Relationships between sleep, physical activity and human health. Physiology & Behaviour; 90(2-3): 229-235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2006.09.015. PMID: 17067643

Bean JF, Vora A, Frontera WR (2004). Benefits of exercise for community-dwelling older adults. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation; 85: 31-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2004.03.010. PMID:15221722

Blaney J, Lowe-Strong A, Rankin J, Campbell A, Allen J, Gracey J (2010). The cancer rehabilitation journey: Barriers to and facilitators of exercise among patients with cancer-related fatigue. Physical Therapy; 90(8): 1135-1147. https://doi.org/10.2522/ptj.20090278 PMID:20558566

Brown SA (2005). Measuring perceived benefits and perceived barriers for physical activity. American Journal of Health Behaviour; 29(2): 107-116. https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.29.2.2 PMID:15698978

Cavanagh P, Evans J, Fiatarone M, Hagberg J, McAuley E, Startzell J (1998). Exercise and physical activity for older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc; 30(6): 1-29. https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3386268

Chaudhury H, Campo M, Michael Y, Mahmood A (2016). Neighbourhood environment and physical activity in older adults. Social Science & Medicine; Jan 31; 149: 104-13

Cohen-Mansfield J, Marx MS, Guralnik JM (2003). Motivators and barriers to exercise in an older community-dwelling population. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity; 11(2): 242-253.

Cooper KM, Bilbrew D, Dubbert PM, Kerr K, Kirchner K (2001). Health barriers to walking for exercise in elderly primary care. Geriatric Nursing; 22(5): 258-262. https://doi.org/10.1067/mgn.2001.119470 PMID:11606904

Crowley L, Kennedy N (2009). Barriers to exercise in rheumatoid arthritis–a focus group study. Physiotherapy Practice and Research; 30(2): 27-33.

Dergance JM, Calmbach WL, Dhanda R, Miles TP, Hazuda HP, Mouton CP (2003). Barriers to and benefits of leisure time physical activity in the elderly: Differences across cultures. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society; 51(6): 863-868. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2389.2003.51271.x PMID:12757577

Gill DL, Hammond CC, Reifsteck EJ, Jehu CM, Williams RA, Adams MM, Lange EH, Becofsky K, Rodriguez E, Shang YT (2013). Physical activity and quality of life. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health; 46(Suppl 1): p.S28. https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2013.46.S.S28 PMID:23412703 PMCID:pmc3567315

Glanz K, Rimer BK, Viswanath K(eds.,) (2008). Health behaviour and health education: Theory, research, and practice. John Wiley & Sons.

Grubbs L, Carter J (2002). The relationship of perceived benefits and barriers to reported exercise behaviours in college undergraduates. Family & Community Health; 25(2): 76-84. https://doi.org/10.1097/00003727-200207000-00009 PMID:12010117

Jones M, Nies MA (1996). The relationship of perceived benefits of and barriers to reported exercise in older African American women. Public Health Nursing; 13(2): 151-158. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1446.1996.tb00233.x PMID:8936249

Juarbe T, Turok XP, Pérez-Stable EJ (2002). Perceived benefits and barriers to physical activity among older Latina women. Western Journal of Nursing Research; 24(8): 868-886. https://doi.org/10.1177/019394502237699 PMID:12469724

Kennedy C, Devoe D, Skov J, Short-DeGraff M (1998). Attitudinal changes toward exercise in Mexican American women. Occupational Therapy in Health Care; 11(3): 17-28. https://doi.org/10.1300/J003v11n03_02 PMID:23948043

King AC, RejeskiWJ, Buchner DM (1998). Physical activity interventions targeting older adults: A critical review and recommendations. American Journal of Preventive Medicine; 15(4): 316-333. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0749-3797(98)00085-3 PMID:9838975

Lavizzo-Mourey R, Cox C, Strumpf N, Edwards WF, Lavizzo-Mourey R, Stinemon M, Grisso JA (2001). Attitudes and beliefs about exercise among elderly African Americans in an urban community. Journal of the National Medical Association; 93(12): 475. PMID:11800276 PMCID: PMC2594047

Lees FD, Clark PG, Nigg CR, Newman P (2005). Barriers to exercise behaviour among older adults: a focus-group study. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity; 13(1): 23-33. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.13.1.23 PMID:15677833

Lovell G, El Ansari W, Parker JK (2010). Perceived exercise benefits and barriers of non-exercising female university students in the United Kingdom. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health; 7(3): 784-798. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph7030784

Mathews AE, Laditka SB, Laditka JN, Wilcox S, Corwin SJ, Liu R, Friedman DB, Hunter R, Tseng W, Logsdon RG (2010). Older adults’ perceived physical activity enablers and barriers: A multicultural perspective. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity; 18(2): 119-140. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.18.2.119 PMID:20440026

Oh JH (2003). Social bonds and the migration intentions of elderly urban residents: The mediating effect of residential satisfaction. Population Research and Policy Review; 22(2): 127-146. https://www.jstor.org/stable/40230816

Pippin AJ (2013). Perceived benefits and barriers of exercise in college age students before and after participating in regular exercise comparted to a cohort group. Master of Science in Nursing Theses; 5. Available from: https://digitalcommons.cedarville.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1004&context=nursing_theses

Rasinaho M, Hirvensalo M, Leinonen R, Lintunen T, Rantanen T (2007). Motives for and barriers to physical activity among older adults with mobility limitations. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity; 15(1): 90-102. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.15.1.90 PMID:17387231

Rimer BK, Glanz K (2005). Theory at a glance: A guide for health promotion practice. Bethesda, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute.

Schutzer KA, Graves BS (2004). Barriers and motivations to exercise in older adults. Preventive Medicine; 39(5): 1056-1061. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.04.003 PMID:15475041

Smith KL, Carr K, Wiseman A, Calhoun K, McNevin NH, Weir PL (2012). Barriers are not the limiting factor to participation in physical activity in Canadian seniors. Journal of Aging Research; 2012: 890679. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/890679 PMID:22988511 PMCID:pmc3443553

Stroud N, Minahan C, Sabapathy S (2009). The perceived benefits and barriers to exercise participation in persons with multiple sclerosis. Disability and Rehabilitation; 31(26): 2216-2222.

Tergerson JL, King KA (2002). Do perceived cues, benefits, and barriers to physical activity differ between male and female adolescents?. Journal of School Health; 72(9): 374-380. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2002.tb03562.x PMID:12557633

Ussher M, Stanbury L, Cheeseman V, Faulkner G (2007). Physical activity preferences and perceived barriers to activity among persons with severe mental illness in the United Kingdom. Psychiatric Services; 58(3): 405-408. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ps.58.3.405 PMID:17325117




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5463/dcid.v30i2.839



Copyright (c) 2019 Atiya A Shaikh, Sukanya P Dandekar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Supported by:

netherlandsleprosyrelief_logo_rgb_-_new_logo_2014_120CBMlightfortheworld_logo_rgb_-_new_logo_2014_120     

© Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development