The Impact of Communication Disorders on Discrimination against Deaf Workers

Husnija Hasanbegovic, Jasmina Kovacevic

Abstract


Purpose: The study aimed to determine the impact of communication disorders on discrimination against people who are deaf in the workplace, as well as to find the differences in study participants’ opinions.

Method: The study sample consisted of 171 respondents from different industries in Bosnia-Herzegovina- 57 workers who were deaf, 57 workers who could hear, and 57 managers. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches were used in the survey. The opinions of the respondents were elicited through a questionnaire which consisted of 15 statements. The interviews of workers and managers focussed on the presence of discrimination against deaf workers in the workplace. Responses of respondents were converted to quantified values using analysis of discrimination group. The significance of statistical differences among the samples tested is defined at 0.01 level of significance using F-Test.

Results: Discriminant analysis tested the null hypothesis that respondents’ answers do not differ regarding discrimination against deaf workers in the workplace. However differences were found between the groups that felt deaf workers did not have equal position at work in comparison to their hearing co-workers. Participants mentioned a number of barriers in workplaces. Workers were of the opinion that there was significant discrimination in the workplace (p>0.01) between groups of participants.

Conclusion: There are statistically significant differences in the opinions of respondents regarding statements that workers who are deaf cannot hold positions equal to their co-workers who have regular hearing.


Keywords


Deaf employment; discrimination of people who are Deaf in the working environment; employment relations

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Makhamreh S (2016). Hearing the voices of young deaf people: Implications for social work practice in Jordan. International Social Work; 59(1): 47–59. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020872813499057

Baker T (2009). Vocational services for the deaf and hard of hearing through a comprehensive service centre. Honolulu, HI: Legislative Reference Bureau [Online]. Available from http://lrbhawaii.org/reports/legrpts/lrb/rpts09/deaf.pdf

Cawthon SW, Schoffstall SJ, Garberoglio CL (2014). How ready are institutions for students who are deaf or hard of hearing? Education Policy Analysis Archives; 22(13). [Online]. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.14507/epaa.v22n13.2014.

https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.v22n13.2014

Connor CM, Holly K, Craig HK, Raudenbush SW, Heavner K, Zwolan TA (2006). The age at which young deaf children receive cochlear implants and their vocabulary and speech-production growth: Is there an added value for early implantation? Ear & Hearing; 27(6). [Online]. Available from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download doi=10.1.1.581.9094&rep=rep1&type https://doi.org/10.1097/01.aud.0000240640.59205.42

Dougherty SM, Lombardi AR (2016). From vocational education to career readiness: The ongoing work of linking education and the labour market. Review of Research in Education;40: 326–355. https://doi.org/10.3102/0091732X16678602

Duarte J (2019). Translanguaging in mainstream education: A socio-cultural approach. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism; 22(2): 150-164. https://doi.org/10.1080/13670050.2016.1231774

El-Khiami A (1993). Employment transitions and establishing careers by post-secondary alumni with hearing loss. The Volta Review; 95: 357-366.

Feu M, Fergusson K (2003). Sensory impairment and mental health. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment; 9: 95–103. https://doi.org/10.1192/apt.9.2.95

Graci ME, Fivush R (2017). Narrative meaning making, attachment, and psychological growth and stress. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships; 34(4): 486–509. https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407516644066

Hasanbegović H, Mahmutović E (2011). Frequency of hearing impairment in metal industryand repercussion on professional enabling of Deaf. Human Research in Rehabilitation; 1(1): 37-42. [Online]. Available from: https://human.ba/wpdm-package/full-text-4/?wpdmdl=622

Hasanbegović H, Čajlaković-Kurtalić S, Mahmutović E (2016). Noise influence onhearing status of users of hearing aids [Online]. Human Research in Rehabilitation; 6(2): 21-26. Available from: https://human.ba/wpdm-package/full-text-109/?wpdmdl=812

Hétu R, Getty L (1993). Overcoming difficulties experienced in the work place by employees with occupational hearing loss. The Volta Review; 95: 391-402.

Hughes B (2002). Bauman's strangers: impairment and the invalidation of disabled people in modern and post-modern cultures. Disability & Society; 17(5): 571–84. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687590220148531

Jiang C, Yang IM, Wang C (2017). Self-disclosure to parents in emerging adulthood: Examining the roles of perceived parental responsiveness and separation–individuation. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships; 34(4): 425–445. https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407516640603

Kramer SE, Kapteyn TS, Houtgast T (2006). Occupational performance: Comparing normally-hearing and hearing-impaired employees using the Amsterdam Checklist for Hearing and Work. International Journal of Audiology; 45: 503-512. https://doi.org/10.1080/14992020600754583. PMid:17005493

Laroche C, Garcia LJ, Barrette J (2000). Perceptions by persons with hearing impairment, audiologists, and employers of the obstacles to work integration. Journal of the Academy of Rehabilitative Audiology; 33: 63-90.

Luckner JL, Hanks JA (2003). Job satisfaction: Perceptions of a national sample of teachers of students who are deaf or hard of hearing. American Annals of the Deaf; 148(1). https://doi.org/10.1353/aad.2003.0006

Mallett O, Wapshott R (2017). Small business revivalism: employment relations in small and medium-sized enterprises. Work, Employment and Society; 31(4): 719–726. https://doi.org/10.1177/0950017017690503

Martin-Prudent A, Lartz M, Borders C, Meehan T (2016). Early intervention practices for children with hearing loss: Impact of professional development. Communication Disorders Quarterly;38(1): 13–23. https://doi.org/10.1177/1525740115597861

Mascia N, Mascia J (2008). Audiology on the job: The vocational rehabilitation and audiology partnership. JADARA; 41(2).

Mearns T, Graaff R, Coyle D (2017). Motivation for or from bilingual education? A comparative study of learner views in the Netherlands. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism. https://doi.org/10.1080/13670050.2017.1405906

Mitchell RE (2006). How many deaf people are there in the United States? Estimates from the Survey of Income and Programme Participation. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education; 11:1.

Morata TC, Themann CL, Randolph RF, Verbsky BL, Byrne DC, Reeves ER(2005). Working in noise with a hearing loss: Perceptions from workers, supervisors, and hearing conservation programme managers [Online]. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Available from:https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/userfiles/works/pdfs/winwa.pdf. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.aud.0000188148.97046.b8

Press J, Wilson S (1978). Choosing between logistic regression and discriminant analysis. Journal of the American Statistical Association; 73: (364). https://www.math.arizona.edu/~hzhang/math574m/Read/LogitOrLDA.pdf. https://doi.org/10.1080/01621459.1978.10480080

Punch R, Hyde M, Creed PA (2004). Issues in the school-to-work transition of hard- of hearing adolescents. American Annals of the Deaf;149(1):28-38. https://doi.org/10.1353/aad.2004.0015. PMid:15332464

Punch R, Creed PA, Hyde M (2005). Predicting career development in hard-of-hearing adolescents in Australia. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education; 10:2. https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/eni015. PMid:15778211

Punch R, Creed PA, Hyde MB (2006). Career barriers perceived by hard-of-hearing adolescents: Implications for practice from a mixed-methods study. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education; 11:2.

Randle K, Hardy K (2017). Macho, mobile and resilient? How workers with impairments are doubly disabled in project-based film and television work. Work, Employment and Society; 31(3): 447–464. https://doi.org/10.1177/0950017016643482

Rydberg E (2010). Deaf people and the labour market in Sweden. Education – Employment – Economy, Örebro University. [Online]. Available from: http://oru.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:310710/FULLTEXT01

Scherich D (1996). Job accommodations in the workplace for persons who are deaf or hard of hearing: Current practices and recommendations. Journal of Rehabilitation; 62(2): 27.

Scherich D, Mowry R (1997). Accommodations in the workplace for people who are hard- of - hearing: Perception of employees. Journal of the American Deafness and Rehabilitation Association; 31(1): 31-43.

Schildroth A, Rawlings B, Allen T (1991). Deaf students in transition: Education and employment issues for deaf adolescents. The Volta Review; 93(5): 41-53.

Schley S, Walter GG, Weathers RR, Hemmeter J, Hennessey J C, Burkhauser R V (2011). Effects of postsecondary education on the economic status of persons who are deaf or hard of hearing. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education; 16:4. https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/enq060. PMid:21289030

Schroedel JG, Geyer PD (2000). Long-term career attainments of deaf and hard of hearing college graduates: Results from a 15-year follow-up survey. American Annals of the Deaf; 145(4): 303-314. https://doi.org/10.1353/aad.2012.0099. PMid:11037064

Swanwick R, Marschark M (2010). Enhancing education for deaf children: Research into practice and back again. Deafness & Education International; 12(4): 217–235. https://doi.org/10.1179/1557069X10Y.0000000002

Wagner-Hartl V, Grossi NR, Kallus KW (2018). Impact of age and hearing impairment on work performance during long working hours. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15010098. PMid:29315260. PMCid:PMC5800197

Weathers II R R, Walter G, Schley S, Hennessey J, Hemmeter J, Burkhauser RV (2007). How postsecondary education improves adult outcomes for supplemental security income in children with severe hearing impairments. Social Security Bulletin; 67(2): 101-131. PMid:18457089

Wilkinson K, Tomlinson J, Gardiner J (2017). Exploring the work–life challenges and dilemmas faced by managers and professionals who live alone. Work, employment and society; 31(4): 640–656. https://doi.org/10.1177/0950017016677942

Williams McQuiller, Porter JL (2014). A Comparison of Deaf College Students' and Hard-of- Hearing College Students' Experiences and Risk Factors of Psychological and Physical Abuse. SAGE Open; 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244013518930

Woolfe T (2003). Employment and Deaf People - are we moving in the right direction?Direct Learn Services Ltd. Supporting Deaf People. [Online] Available from:http://www.online-conference.net/downloads/sdp_free/1_tw_employment.pdf

Working with Hearing Loss, a guide to successful workplace accommodation for employers (2008). The Canadian Hard of Hearing Association named. [Online]. Available from:http://www.chha.ca/documents/Working_With_Hearing_Loss.pdf

Young AM, Ackerman J, Kyle JG (2000). On creating a workable signing environment: Deaf and Hearing Perspectives. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education; 186-195. https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/5.2.186. PMid:15454512




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5463/dcid.v29i4.781



Copyright (c) 2019 Husnija Hasanbegovic, Jasmina Kovacevic

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Supported by:

netherlandsleprosyrelief_logo_rgb_-_new_logo_2014_120CBMlightfortheworld_logo_rgb_-_new_logo_2014_120     

© Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development