Disability Inclusive Development Good Practices: Level of Commitment to Core Concepts of Human Rights
Aim: Good practices have been documented by International Non-Governmental Organisations (INGOs) to promote disability inclusive development and encourage the replication or scaling up of good practices that use rights based approaches. This study aimed to investigate the extent to which Core Concepts of human rights are illustrated in disability inclusive development good practices related to health.
Methods: This study analysed case studies of disability inclusive development good practices focusing on health that are available in the public domain using EquiFrame, an established content analysis framework in benchmarking health and social policies.
Results: A total of 42 health related good practices were identified from 3 different INGOs working in the field of disability inclusive development. The highest occurring human rights Core Concepts were; access 55%, individualised services 48%, capacity building 45% and participation 38%. The Core Concepts with the lowest levels of commitment were; autonomy 3%, cultural responsiveness 3%, accountability 3%, and efficiency 3%. Privacy and autonomy were not mentioned at all. The quality of reporting of the core concepts of human rights was low as they did not state specific programme actions or intentions to monitor Core Concepts.
Conclusion: Level of commitment to Core Concept coverage and quality of reporting was low. EquiFrame was successfully extended to analyse disability inclusive development good practices focusing on health. Its use in further analysis of inclusive good practice is advised.Implications: These results can be used for advocacy in disability inclusive development and to guide programme staff training and documentation of disability inclusive development good practices.
Amin M, MacLachlan M, Mannan H, El Tayeb S, El Khatim A, Swartz L, Munthali A, Van Rooy G, McVeigh J, Eide A (2011). EquiFrame: A framework for analysis of the inclusion of human rights and vulnerable groups in health policies. Health and Human Rights: An International Journal; 13(2): 82-101.
Andersen A, Mannan H (2012). Assessing the quality of European policies on disability and development cooperation: a discussion of Core Concepts of human rights and coherence. Disability and International Development; 1: 16-24.
Bedri N, Amin M, El Khatim A, Gamal Eldin A, MacLachlan M, Mannan H (2013). Core concepts of human rights and vulnerable groups in Nutrition Policy of Sudan. International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences; 2(6): 352-359. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijnfs.20130206.24.
Braveman P, Gruskin S (2003). Poverty, equity, human rights and health. Bulletin of the World Health Organization; 81(7): 539-545.
CBM (2016). CBM website [Online]. Available from: http://www.cbm.org [Accessed 24 August 2016].
Eide AH, Amin M, MacLachlan M, Mannan H, Schneider M (2012). Human rights, social inclusion and health equity in international donors' policies. Disability, CBR and Inclusive Development; 23(4): 24-40. https://doi.org/10.5463/dcid.v23i4.144.
Handicap International (2009). Making it work [Online]. Available from: http://www.makingitwork-crpd.org/about-miw/ [Accessed on 31 October 2014].
Handicap International (2016). Handicap International Website [Online]. Available from: http://www.handicap-international.org.uk [Accessed on 24 August 2016].
Ivanova O, Dræbel T, Tellier S (2015). Are sexual and reproductive health policies designed for all? Vulnerable Groups in Policy Documents of Four European Countries and Their Involvement in Policy Development. International Journal of Health Policy and Management; 4: 1-9. https://doi.org/10.15171/IJHPM.2015.148. PMid:26673176, PMCid:PMC4594106
Light for the World (2016). Light for the World website [Online]. Available from: http://www.light-for-the-world.org [Accessed on 24 August 2016].
MacLachlan M, Amin M, Mannan H, El Tayeb S, Bedri N, Swartz L, Munthali A, Van Rooy G, McVeigh J (2012). Inclusion and human rights in health policies: Comparative and benchmarking analysis of 51 policies from Malawi, Sudan, South Africa and Namibia. PLoS One; 7(5): e35864. https://doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0035864
Mann J, Gostin L, Gruskin S, Brennan T, Lazzarini Z, Fineberg H (1994). Health and human rights. Health and Human Rights; 1(1): 6-23. https://doi.org/10.2307/4065260
Mannan H, Amin M, MacLachlan M, The Equitable Consortium (2011). The EquiFrame manual: A tool for evaluating and promoting the inclusion of vulnerable groups and core concepts of Human Rights in health policy documents. Dublin: Global Health Press.
Mannan H, El Tayeb S, MacLachlan M, Amin M, McVeigh J, Munthali A, Van Rooy G (2013). Core concepts of human rights and inclusion of vulnerable groups in the mental health policies of Malawi, Namibia, and Sudan. International Journal of Mental Health Systems; 7(1): 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1752-4458-7-7. PMid:23406583 PMCid:PMC3620687
Mannan H, MacLachlan M, McVeigh J (2012). Core concepts of human rights and inclusion of vulnerable groups in the United Nations Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities. ALTER - European Journal of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche sur le Handicap; 6(3): 159-177. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alter.2012.05.005
Mannan H, McVeigh J, Amin M, MacLachlan M, Swartz L, Munthali A, Van Rooy G (2012). Core concepts of human rights and inclusion of vulnerable groups in the disability and rehabilitation policies of Malawi, Namibia, Sudan, and South Africa. Journal of Disability Policy Studies; 23(2): 67-81. https://doi.org/10.1177/1044207312439103
Meral BF, Turnbull HR (2016). Comparison of Turkish Disability Policy, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and the core concepts of U.S. disability policy. ALTER - European Journal of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche sur le Handicap; 10(3): 221-235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alter.2016.02.001
O'Dowd J, Mannan H, McVeigh J (2013). India’s disability policy – Analysis of core concepts of human rights. Disability, CBR and Inclusive Development; 24(4): 69-90. https://doi.org/10.5463/DCID.v24i4.277
Schneider M, Eide AH, Amin M, MacLachlan M, Mannan H (2013). Inclusion of vulnerable groups in health policies: Regional policies on health priorities in Africa. African Journal of Disability; 2(1): 9. https://doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v2i1.40. PMid:28729986 PMCid:PMC5442580
Stowe M, Turnbull H (2001). Tools for analyzing policy "on the books" and policy "on the streets". Journal of Disability Policy Studies; 12(3): 206-216. https://doi.org/10.1177/104420730101200306
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2011). Best practices for including persons with disabilities in all aspects of development efforts [Online]. Un.org. Available from: http://www.un.org/disabilities/documents/best_practices_publication_2011.pdf [Accessed on 5 November 2015].
United Nations ENABLE (2007). United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Optional Protocol. New York: UN. Available from: http://www.un.org/disabilities/documents/convention/convoptprot-e.pdf [Accessed on 1 November 2017].
Van Rooy G, Amadhila E, Mannan H, McVeigh J, MacLachlan M, Amin M (2012). Core concepts of human rights and inclusion of vulnerable groups in the Namibian Policy on orthopaedic technical services. Disability CBR and Inclusive Development; 23(3): 24-47. https://doi: 10.5463/dcid.v23i3.132
World Health Organisation, World Bank (2011). World report on disability. Geneva: WHO. Available from: http://www.who.int/disabilities/world_report/2011/en/ [Accessed on 1 November 2017].
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2017 Cheryl Henderson, Hasheem Mannan, Jessica Power
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
© Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development