Accessibility and Participation of Persons with Disabilities in Tourism: Perspective of Tourism Workers in the Ashanti region of Ghana

Anthony Kwaku Edusei, Susan Aggrey Mensah, Eric Badu, Maxwell Peprah Opoku

Abstract


Purpose: Tourism contributes a great deal to the world’s economy. However, persons with disabilities are underrepresented in the industry, particularly in Ghana, due to inaccessible tourism structures and facilities. Accessibility and participation in tourism will enhance social inclusion of persons with disabilities. This study sought to document the nature of access as well as the participation of persons with disabilities in tourism, from the perspective of tourism workers in the Ashanti region of Ghana.

Methods: An exploratory study using qualitative methods was conducted among workers at tourist centres in the Ashanti region of Ghana. A total of 21 participants were involved in the study. A voice-recorded interview was used to collect data from respondents. Results were generated through thematic content analysis to develop themes.

Results: Findings revealed that the participation of persons with disabilities in tourism is limited due to factors such as the inaccessible tourism environment, the nature of transport services and the language barrier. Suggested provisions were canopy walks, accessible banquets, vehicles, and sign language interpreters at various tourism destinations.

Conclusion: Tourism destinations should be made disability friendly through regulations, monitoring and supervision with regard to accessibility, structures and environment.


Keywords


Tourism and persons with disabilities; accessibility and participation; tourist workers

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5463/dcid.v26i3.431

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