Physiotherapy Training to Enhance Community-based Rehabilitation Services in Papua New Guinea: An Educational Perspective
This paper describes the training of physiotherapists as community based rehabilitation (CBR) team members to assist persons with disabilities living in Papua New Guinea (PNG). At Divine Word University (DWU), PNG, a unique physiotherapy training programme integrates CBR into the curriculum and trains students to analyse and understand the basic needs of individuals with disability, and meet these needs within the scope of national and international policies. Community visits and clinical placements familiarise the students with the true situation of persons with disabilities.
The specific outcome of the CBR unit is that students learn how to think critically and address the main issues faced by persons with disabilities and communities in the education, health, social, empowerment and livelihood domains. CBR plays a major role in assisting and promoting basic services for persons with disabilities within the limited resources available in countries like PNG. The authors conclude that equipping physiotherapy students with CBR skills will eventually lead to improvement in service delivery.
Brogan J (1982). The physiotherapist in Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea Medical Journal; 25 (3): 186-8. PMid:6961645
Byford J, Veenstra N (2004). The importance of cultural factors in the planning of rehabilitation services in a remote area of Papua New Guinea. Disability & Rehabilitation; 26 (3): 166-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0963828032000159167. PMid:14754628
Central Intelligence Agency (2012). The World Fact Book 2012 [Online]. Available from: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pp.html [Accessed 16 July 2013].
Chipchase LS, Galley P, Jull G, McMeeken JM, Refshauge K, Nayler M Wright A (2006). Looking back at 100 years of physiotherapy education in Australia. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy; 52 (1): 3-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0004-9514(06)70055-1
Culverwell A, Tapping C (2009). Congenital talipesequinovarus in Papua New Guinea: a difficult yet potentially manageable situation. International orthopaedics; 33 (2): 521-526. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00264-007-0511-x. PMid:18196240 PMCid: PMC2899095
Department of Community Development (2009). Papua New Guinea national policy on disability In: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT (Ed.). Port Moresby.
Futter MJ (2003). Developing a curriculum module to prepare students for community-based physiotherapy rehabilitation in South Africa. Physiotherapy; 89 (1): 13-24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9406(05)60665-7
Global Integrity Independent Information on Governance and Corruption (2012). Access-to-information in health care service delivery in Papua New Guinea: Report. Available from: http://www.inapng.com/pdf_files/PNG%20Health%20Service%20Delivery%20-%20Global%20Integrity.pdf [Accessed 8 August 2013].
Hoeman SP (1992). Community-based rehabilitation. Holistic Nursing Practice; 6 (2): 32-41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004650-199206020-00007 PMid:1735743
Kendall E, Buys N, Larner J (2000). Community-based service delivery in rehabilitation: the promise and the paradox. Disability & Rehabilitation; 22 (10): 435-445. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638280050045901. PMid:10950496
Koch-Weser D (1987). Community-based education of the health professions in Latin America and the US. American Journal of Public Health; 77 (4): 412. http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.77.4.412. PMid:3826458 PMCid:PMC1646933.
Moore GT (1999). Community based medical education: towards a shared agenda for learning. Medical Education; 33 (8): 626-627. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2923.1999.0485b.x
National Department of Health (2010). National Health Plan 2011 - 2020. In: DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH (Ed.). Waigani.
Nualnetr N (2009). Physical therapy roles in community based rehabilitation: a case study in rural areas of north eastern Thailand. Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal; 20(1): 73-82.
Papua New Guinea Tourism Promotion Authority (2006). Papua New Guinea - For the serious adventure traveller [Online]. Available: http://www.geographia.com/papua-newguinea/papuahistory.htm [Accessed 17 October 2012].
Powell N (2001). Physiotherapy in Mount Hagen General Hospital: an audit of activity over a six-month period. Papua New Guinea Medical Journal; 44 (1-2): 24-35. PMid:12418675
Pronk F, Thornton P (2009). Physical disabilities in Papua New Guinea: How can professional physiotherapy training fit best? Contemporary PNG Studies; 11 (2): 73-89.
Ramalingam K, Karthikeyan P, Akiro C (2011). Special interest report abstracts: educating to combat disability: a profile of physiotherapy education in Papua New Guinea. Physiotherapy; 97, Supplement 1, eS1416-eS1638.
Shaw A (2004). Rehabilitation services in Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea Medical Journal; 47 (3-4): 215-27. PMid:16862945
Thomas M, Thomas MJ (1999). A discussion on the shifts and changes in community based rehabilitation in the last decade. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair; 13 (3): 185-189. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/154596839901300308
Twible RL, Henley EC (1993). A curriculum model for a community development approach to community-based rehabilitation. Disability, Handicap & Society; 8 (1): 43-57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02674649366780031
Twible RL, Henley EC (2000). Preparing occupational therapists and physiotherapists for community based rehabilitation. Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal; 1: 109-126.
Van den Bergh G (2011). Global profession, local needs: community based rehabilitation and the role of physiotherapists; examples from Tanzania and the Sudan. Physiotherapy; 97, Supplement 1: eS1416-eS1638.
Watters DA, Dyke T (1996). Trauma in Papua New Guinea: what do we know and where do we go? Papua New Guinea Medical Journal; 39 (2): 121-5. PMid:9599983
WCPT Keynotes (2007). Community based rehabilitation - changing concepts of CBR 2 – implications for physical therapists. Available from: http://www.wcpt.org/sites/wcpt.org/files/files/KN-Changing_Concepts_of_CBR2.pdf.
Werner D (1999). Disabled village children. Palo Alto: Hesperian foundation.
World Confederation for Physical Therapy (2003). Primary health care and community based rehabilitation: implications for physical therapy based on a survey of WCPT's member organisations and a literature review. WCPT Briefing Paper 1 [Online]. Available: http://www.wcpt.org/node/29691#cbr [Accessed 5 May 2013].
World Confederation for Physical Therapy (2011a). Policy statement: community based rehabilitation. Available: http://www.wcpt.org/policy/ps-CBR [Accessed on 26 Oct 2013].
World Confederation for Physical Therapy (2011b). Policy statement: education. Available: http://www.wcpt.org/policy/ps-education [Accessed 7 October 2013].
World Health Organisation (2004). CBR: a strategy for rehabilitation, equalisation of opportunities, poverty reduction and social inclusion of people with disabilities. Joint Position Paper [Online]. Available from: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2004/9241592389_eng.pdf.
World Health Organisation (2011). World report on disability. Available from: http://www.who.int/about/licensing/copyright_form/en/index.html.
World Health Organisation (2012a).Community based rehabilitation [Online]. Available from: http://www.who.int/disabilities/cbr/en/.
World Health Organisation (2012b). Disabilities [Online]. Available from: http://www.who.int/topics/disabilities/en/.
World Health Organisation (2012c). Papua New Guinea health service delivery profile. Available from: http://www.wpro.who.int/health_services/service_delivery_profile_papua_new_guinea.pdf.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2015 Priya Karthikeyan, Karthikeyan Paramasivam Ramalingam
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
© Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development