A Transect Walk to Establish Opportunities and Challenges for Youth with Disabilities in Winterveldt, South Africa
Winterveldt was one of the 9 sites included in a national study to determine the livelihood strategies of youth with disabilities, undertaken by the Occupational Therapy Departments of 6 Universities in South Africa. Community-based rehabilitation (CBR) programmes were initiated in Winterveldt in the 1990s by non-governmental organisations and the Occupational Therapy Department at the University of Limpopo - Medical University of South Africa (MEDUNSA).
Purpose: This paper describes the use of a Transect Walk to identify aspects of context that contribute to the vulnerability of youth with disabilities with regard to their livelihood strategies.
Method: Transect Walk was employed as a participatory rapid-appraisal tool to gather data. Convenience sampling was used to identify 11 participants, including three youth with disabilities. Field notes and observations were analysed deductively for themes related to the 5 categories of livelihood assets.
Results: The findings describe the natural and built environment, the access to health, educational and financial services, and the social attitudes of people in this community towards youth with disabilities. The discussion uses the 5 CBR components as a framework to explore strategies for enhancing the assets of youth with disabilities, namely, empowerment, social, health, education, and livelihood.Conclusions: There is significant development that could be maximised if youth with disabilities were aware of their rights and were able to access services and resources. The implication for local government is to create an inclusive environment in which youth with disabilities are able to participate in mainstream youth development opportunities.
Chappel P, Johannsmeier C (2009). The impact of community-based rehabilitation as implemented by community rehabilitation facilitators on people with disabilities, their families and communities within South Africa. Disability and Rehabilitation; 31(1): 7-13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638280802280429. PMid:19194807
Coulson J, Napier M, Matsebe G (2006). Disability and universal access: observations on housing from the spatial and social periphery. In Watermeyer B, Swartz L, Lorenzo T, Schneider M, Priestley M (Eds). Disability and social change: a South African agenda. HSRC Press: Pretoria; Chapter 23.
DFID (1999). Sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets. Department For International Development. Available from: http://r4d.dfid.gov.uk
Lorenzo T (2008). We are also travellers: an action story about disabled women mobilising for an accessible public transport system in Khayelitsha and Nyanga, Cape Metropole, South Africa. South African Journal of Occupational Therapy; 39(1): 32-40.
Lorenzo T (2010). Listening spaces: connecting diverse voices for social action and change. In New approaches for qualitative research: wisdom and uncertainty (edited by Maggi Savin-Baden and Claire Howell Major). Routledge Taylor and Francis group, London and New York; 131-144.
Lorenzo T, Cramm JM (2012). Access to livelihood assets among youth with and without disabilities in South Africa: implications for health professional education. South African Medical Journal; 102: 6, 578-581. PMid:22668969
Lorenzo T, Joubert R (2011). Reciprocal capacity building for collaborative disability research between disabled people's organisations, communities and higher education institutions. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy; 18: 254–264. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/11038128.2010.525748. PMid:21073368
Lorenzo T, Motau J, van der Merwe T, van Rensburg EJ, Cramm JM (accepted Aug 2014). Community rehabilitation workers as catalysts for disability-inclusive youth development through service learning. Development in Practice.
Lorenzo T, Saunders C, January M, Mdlokolo P (Eds) (2002). On the road of hope: stories told by disabled women in Khayelitsha. Cape Town: Division of Occupational Therapy, University of Cape Town.
Maart S, Eide AH, Jelsma J, Mitch L, Ka Toni M (2007). Environmental barriers experienced by urban and rural disabled people in South Africa. Disability and Society; 22(4): 357-369. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09687590701337678
Meyer C, Moagi S (2000). Determining priority needs of mothers with disabled children in Winterveldt. South African Journal of Occupational Therapy; 30(2): 7-11.
Ramugondo EL, Barry A (2011). Enabling play in the context of rapid social change. In: F Kronenberg, N Pollard and D. Sakellariou (Eds). Occupational therapies without borders - Volume II: towards an ecology of occupation-based practices. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier: Edinburgh
Rule S, Lorenzo T, Wolmarans M (2006). Community-based rehabilitation: new challenges. In Watermeyer B, Swartz L, Lorenzo T, Schneider M, Priestley M (Eds). Disability and social change: a South African agenda. HSRC Press: Pretoria; Chapter 20. PMCid:PMC2359847
Shipham E, Meyer CMH (2002).The value of community-based rehabilitation to mothers with disabled children in Winterveldt. South African Journal of Occupational Therapy; 32(2): 6-11.
Seirlis A, Swartz L (2006). Entrepreneurship, employment and skills: Ari Seirlis in conversation. In Watermeyer B, Swartz L, Lorenzo T, Schneider M, Priestley M (Eds). Disability and social change: a South African agenda. HSRC Press: Pretoria; Chapter 25.
StatsSA (2006). Statistics South Africa census. Available from: www.statssa.gov.za
Swartz L, Schneider M (2006). Tough choices: disability and social security in South Africa. In Watermeyer B, Swartz L, Lorenzo T, Schneider M, Priestley M (Eds). Disability and social change: a South African agenda. HSRC Press: Pretoria; Chapter 17.
The Presidency (2009). National youth policy. Government Press, Pretoria.
Van Staden D, Rogers E, Makaudi I, Winkler J, White J, Kangale M, Rudman N, Nkosi S, Dreyer TR, Coetzer T (2006). A transect walk undertaken in Itereleng informal settlement to observe community vulnerability. Unpublished report. Pretoria: City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality Disaster Risk Management Centre.
Vivian W, Ntsimane S, Carpenter S, Okedi W, Omurwa TM (1997). A participatory community needs assessment of Winterveldt commissioned by the Dept. of Health and Social Welfare NW Province Odi Health and Welfare District. November. Sapler Population Trust and African Medical Research Foundation. Available from: www.population.org.za/Winterveldt. Odi municipality, North West.
Watson R, Fourie M, Andrews J (2006). Issues in disability assessment. In Watermeyer B, Swartz L, Lorenzo T, Schneider M, Priestley M (Eds). Disability and social change: a South African agenda. HSRC Press: Pretoria; Chapter 18.
World Health Organisation (2010). CBR Guidelines. WHO: Geneva.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2015 Theresa Lorenzo, Jane Motau
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
© Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development