Perceptions of Primary Caregivers of Children with Disabilities in two Communities from Sindh and Balochistan, Pakistan

Arisha Qayyum, Seema Zainulabdin Lasi, Ghazala Rafique


Purpose: This study explored the perceptions, attitudes and practices of primary caregivers towards children with disabilities in two communities from Sindh and Balochistan, in Pakistan.

Method: Six focus group discussions and seven in-depth interviews were conducted with 37 women in the two communities – one urban and the other rural.

Results: Primary caregivers perceived disability as physical, functional limitations and the absence of any functional body parts. Complications during pregnancy and delivery were regarded as the major cause of disabilities. Lack of financial resources and limited access to medical and rehabilitation services were identified as the main reasons for frustration among caregivers, resulting in their giving reduced attention to the child with disability. Caregivers felt that behavioural problems of children with disabilities were a major challenge, and also limited their participation in social activities.

Conclusion and Implication: There is a need to raise awareness among the families of children with disabilities and in the community at large. Home-based community-level interventions are needed to reduce the social stigma attached to children with disabilities.

doi 10.5463/DCID.v24i1.193


Urban and rural communities; childhood disabilities; knowledge and practices; home management; inclusive community

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